MAKING: Rutland Water; a response to site through making. 

Barnsdale Bird Hide

HA Bird Hide of “Deep England”

Language of Dovecotes

Hockney's Yorkshire 

A Contemporary Picturesque 

Landscape Led Architecture 

Stacked Log Construction 

Folk Tectonics 

Barnsdale Bird Hide

Hastings Net Huts

Sheds of Burley Fishing Ponds

The Arts and Crafts 

and the Rutland Landscape

The Vernacular in

the English Picturesque Landscape

Rutland - Geologicaly Determined Clay

HThe southern side of Rutland sits upon clay. Although seemingly insignificant this fact has dictated much of Rutland’s form today even its name Rutland is thought to mean “red land” after its clay red soil. Rutland is England’s smallest county, and this due to its Anglo Saxon status being preserved whilst other counties were modernised. This is largely due to the existence of the ancient forest of Rutland; a forest that existed due to Rutland’s clay soil. The hunting in this forest was so prized that the Normans preserved the forest and Rutland’s political status and fact that has resulted in Rutland's small size today. The clay soil was also key reason as to why the Gwash Valley was chosen to be flooded to build Rutland Water; the clay soil meant the valley was relatively cheap to water proof and dam. Rutland a count that is the way it is largely because of its clay ground.

The Royal Forest of Rutland

The Original Nature Reserve 

"A forest must be stored with great woods or coverts for the secret abode of wild beastes and also with fruitful pastures for their common feed. For want of either of these two... they leave the Forst and wander up and downe untill they find coverts elsewhere which being without the bounds of the Forest are so found wandering, then they are hunted and killed to the utter destruction of the Forst.. And so consequently it followeth, that to destroy the coverts of the Forest, is the destroy the Forest itself. Also ti convert the pasture grounds, meadows and feedings into arable land, is likewise to destroy the Forest."

 

John Manwood

The Picturesque and Ha Has

Ha Ha - A device that manages nature while maintaining the illusion of a un managed nature. 

Free Unit Contract

Rutland Water In a Jug

Water As Infrastructure 

 

Water As Conservation 

 

Water As Leisure 

 

Rutland Water 

More Natural Than Nature Herself 

Dame Silvia Crowe

"“The declared objective was to form a ‘unified landscape’, one whose components came together into an “overall composition with the surrounding countryside, without visible boundaries or jarring notes’"

 

Landscape and Identity at Ladybower Reservoir and Rutland Water

Denis Cosgrove, Barbara Roscoe and Simon Rycroft

 

Ceramics of Deep England 

Wedgewood

Queens Wear

Romantic England Collection

1765

London Delftware

Burghley House

1745 

Repton's Rutland

£100m a Year

1975

 

2001

 

2012

 

"The first-ever economic impact study of Rutland Water has revealed that the facility generates up to £100 million annually and provides direct employment for over two thousand people."

 

HUniversity of Hertfordshire

Rutland Water Nature Reserve 

 

RW Nature Reserve Opens

Sited on the Western Shore

sheltered from the tourism of the East

 

 

RW Nature Reserve put in charge of RW's woodland

 

 

Nature Reserve expands, damming off parts of the main reservoir as well as flooding farm land creating new wetland habitat.

 

This is to combat the NR’s dependency on RW’s water level which can fluctuate as well as a result of the NR’s growing significance.

Loosing Habitat

Conflict and Cooperation 

Jerusalem by Flooding 

 

"Don't Dam Rutland"

Official Resistance Campaign 

"Rutland… should be set aside at once as England’s first Human Conservancy. We have Nature Reserves of various kinds for the protection of rare animals, birds and plants. Only the human being is not protected against the incessant noise, speed, and all the other acids of modernity.”

 

Hoskins 1963

Raddleman

 

Sir Kenneth Ruddle

 chairman of Rutland County Council

"Don't let this happen. Fight for minority rights.

 

noun, (plural) - men

a native or inhabitant of Rutland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rutland claims to have a distinct and ancient local identity. First documented as “Roteland” in Edward the Confessor’s will and then later in Domesday; Rutland, historically called Rutlandshire became a county in 1155 and is thought to mean “red land”, “land land” or “cattle land”. Rutland is Great Britain’s smallest and most rural county and one of the Conservative Parties safest seats.

 

However, in the modernisation of post war Britain the political independence of such a small county was deemed too inefficient and in 1972 the Local Government Act Rutland County Council was dissolved and restructured under Leicestershire County Council. Following years of political action driven a strong sense of local identity Rutland County Council was reformed in 1997. Subsequently Rutland has the highest Council Tax rate in Great Britain.

Water Acts

Common Land, Privatisation, Natural Monopolies and Regulation 

Two years before Rutland Water was completed Parliament passed the Water Act 1973 forming the foundations of our current water infrastructure. The Act replaced many small local water companies with the ten big regional companies we have to day; Anglia Water who manage Rutland Water being one of them. This Act also changed the publics right to these water ways, legislating that the public have right to access and use water ways for leisure; a detail that greatly shaped the extent to which leisure and conservation uses of Rutland Water were later developed.

 

The Water Act 1973 was later surpassed by the Water Act 1989. Anglia Water were still to manage much of the East Midlands and the public still had right to access water ways but the new legislation privatised the water industry. So although working in a natural monopoly owning and managing “common land” Anglia Water was now a private corporation working for profit under heavy regulation.

 “Pfeilstorch” or “Arrow Stork” 

Migration Maps

How Rutland Water sits in a wider context,

geographically determining its significance to a global and regional bird population.  

Key Global Bird Migration Zones

Osprey Migration

Rutland to Guinea 

North Sea - Norfolk Wash - River Welland - (Rutland Water) - River Avon - Bristol Channel - Ireland 

A Cross Country Migration Route 

The Myth of the English Countryside

(According to Danny Boyle)

"And did those feet in ancient time
Walk upon England’s mountains green?
And was the holy Lamb of God
On England’s pleasant pastures seen?
And did the countenance divine
Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
And was Jerusalem builded here
Among those dark satanic mills?"

 

Jerusalem

William Blake

"Isles of Wonder"

London Olympics Opening Ceremony, 2012

Danny Boyle

"Deep England"

“the lowland landscapes of ‘Deep England’ tended to be read in terms of care for the nation’s domestic heart and community spirit.. and Rutland… located in typical lowland English landscape, in the heartland of the ‘Shires’"

 

Landscape and Identity at Ladybower Reservoir and Rutland Water

Denis Cosgrove, Barbara Roscoe and Simon Rycroft

Cornfield, 1826

John Constable

Quintessentially English 

“the view from Normanton Park across the gently slopping valley of the Gwash, with the rich green of the meadows, patchwork-quilt of cultivated land, and the reds, yellows and browns of the trees in the their autumnal glory… is one of the finest in rutland… indeed, it would be hard to find anywhere a better example of unspoilt English countryside.”

 

Grantham Journal 

24 November 1967

Beehive Cottage, Nether Hambilton, 1972

One of the earliest dwellings in Rutland

Flooded 1975

"The world is a raft sailing through space with, potentially, plenty of provisions for everybody"

George Orwell

Earth Rise

NASA - William Anders

“Our region is on the frontline in the fight against climate change, with less rain than the rest of the country, a fast growing population and large areas of land below sea level. We must be ready to keep the taps flowing, despite the growing water scarcity which more people and less rain may bring.”

 

Peter Simpson, Anglian Water’s Managing Director

East Midlands - The Driest Place in the UK

The South East - The Most Populated Corner of Britian 

East Midlands - The Fastest Growing Population in Britian 

 Geological Map - Rutland Water; Sitting on Clay 

Gwash Valley - 1969

Rutland Water - 1975

"we will transmit this City not only, not less, but greater and more beautiful than it was transmitted to us."

 

Athenian Oath